Firms in mature industries are more likely to compete on the basis of their intangible resources, such as brand names or knowledge e. The utility of a bundle for the buyer is defined as its valuation minus the cost; the utility for the seller is the price paid by the customer minus the production cost of the items in the bundle. With more focus on application, Papaioannou et al. We followed the methodology proposed by Yin The firm has a sustained competitive advantage when these resources are heterogeneous in nature and not perfectly mobile Barney, ; Hoopes et al. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence , 34 , 45—
MAN 4240 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE part 1 T/F
Most employers say that nowadays motivating employees is more challenging that it used ot be. Job enlargement increases skill variety. For example, one of the assumptions is that asset returns follow a normal distribution. According to the systems perspective, most organizations have one working part rather than many sub-components. Organizational commitment refers to an employee's contractual obligation to provide a minimum amount of time and effort to the organization in return for a fair day's pay from the organization. For example, if a company produces three products as part of its normal business operations, the addition of an employee on one production line may result in higher outputs of that product without any negative impact on the other two.
Efficient and effective c. D They clarify task requirements. Cultural values shape the expectations that followers have of their leaders. The field of organizational behavior relies on qualitative rather than quantitative research to understand organizational phenomena. Distributive justice increases directly with the extent that the decision allows voice, can be appealed, and has an unbiased decision maker.
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Description: It discriminates against some subordinates. Black lick pa obituaries Views: Effective leaders have "leadership motivation"; that is, they are motivated to be leaders. Management by walking around occurs whenever senior executives get out of their offices and communicate face- face with employees.